Vata-Pitta Kapha is considered to be the main pillar in Ayurveda. The health of the body depend the on Tridosha. If these three doshas remain in a balanced or equilibrium state in the body, then our body remains healthy and if there is an imbalance in these doshas, ​​then the body becomes diseased.

Ayurveda is a system of medicine used in ancient India in which the prevention of disease is cure from the root. This method is being used in India from more than 2000 to 5000 years ago. Every person is believed to have energy that controls his mental and physical health, according to Ayurveda, there are three biological energies that are present in a person's mind and body and these energies are known as doshas these are the names of the three doshas.

The predominance of these doshas determines the natural characteristics of a person. In some people all doshas are said to be present in a balanced state while in some others, one dosha may be present more or less than its normal amount due to which some disorders may arise. Doshas do not stay in the same position as they are dynamic and keep on changing due to the diet, lifestyle and environment of a person. But it is believed that when the position of the defects of a person is close to the position of the defects at the time of his birth, then he is equally healthy. So let's know what these defects are and how to affect the person.

Vata, Pitta and Kapha are the three types of biological energies or tridoshas that determine the nature of a person. They determine the body type and personality characteristics of the individual.

These doshas are constantly changing and the food we eat is influenced by our daily activities like exercise and sleep, and even our thoughts.

The balance between the doshas is one of the most important criteria in determining a person's good health. Changes or imbalances in these doshas predispose a person to diseases. Each one described by Ayurvedic texts the following are the characteristics of the defect.


Vata is prime cause of movement of pitta and kapha. Vata is responsible for all moments and it is the initiating and controlling factor, in general function of vata is control coordination of different body parts regulation of psychological process, Initiation of all activities of sense organ.

Types of Vata

Pran vayu

Pran vayu is present in head region of the body. It is responsible for the control over intellectual functions like physiological activity including metabolism, cardiovascular function, and sense organ.

Udan vata

Udan vata is basically production of speech the effort and strength requires for speech. Its active site is upper thorax hat is chest region.

Vyana vata

Blood circulation is possible by the present of vyana vata and the active center of vyana vayu is heart.

Saman vata

 It performs the function like digestion of food by the activation of Agni. The active site of samana vata is gastrointestinal tract.

Apana vata

This is active in pelvic region; autonomic nervous system has got a defined role in most activities like micturition, defecation, ejaculation and parturition.


Pitta dosha controls metabolic activities like heat of digestion. It also maintains body temperature and controls appetite. Some of the causes of Pitta imbalance may include spicy and fried food, prolonged exposure to sunlight, prolonged non-eating, aggression etc. Pitta Dosha is known as transformer of energy within you that digest food.

Types of Pitta

Pachak pitta

As its function suggest, all enzymes responsible for digestion with all gastrointestinal hormone and all local hormone.

Ranjak pitta

It is responsible for formation rakt, it is situated in stomach.

Barjaka pitta

Barjaka pitta is known pigmentation of skin in under control of some hormone ACTH, MSH from anterior pituitary.

Sadhaka pitta

All function in the body ascribed from this pitta are of cerebrum, limbic, hypothalamus and other CNS activity.

Alochak pitta

This said to be responsible for normal vision; photosensitive chemical in eyes called photo pigment and whole process under photochemistry of vision is represented by Alochak pitta.

Symptoms of pitta imbalance

Common symptoms of pitta imbalance generally include indigestion and excessive production of stomach acid which can lead to peptic ulcer. Acne rash, nausea, skin inflammation, heartburn, toxins in the blood, etc. are all symptoms of pitta imbalance. Other things that indicate this may include hot flushes, anger, irritability, premature greying of hair, vision problems, fever, diarrhoea etc.


Kapha is known to affect growth in a person. There are a few ways in which Kapha can become unbalanced in the body which can include eating very sweet and oily foods apart from this, not getting enough exercise, eating more food, sleeping more than necessary etc.

Types of Kapha

Avalambaka Kapha

Avalambaka kapha shield the heart and respiratory system Avalambaka kapha is presence in thorax region of the body.

Kledhaka Kapha

Kledhak kapha present in stomach. It moisturizes the food, it plays important role in protection of mucosal membrane. 

Bodhak Kapha

This is present in oral cavity and helps to perception of taste by tongue, according to Ayurveda 6 types of rasa are considered.

Tarpak Kapha

It is present inside the head and responsible for protection and nourishment of sense organs.

Symptom of Kapha imbalance

Production of excess mucus, congestive fluid swelling and itching are common symptoms that indicate an imbalance of kapha dosha in your body, if you think you have these problems then you may be suffering from Kapha imbalance. Other symptoms of imbalance of kapha can be easy weight gain or obesity, frequent cough, difficulty waking up, emotional depression, diabetes, tumors, raised cholesterol, and joint pain.